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Human body undergoes a series of physiological changes such as decreased cardiac output, loss of muscle mass, and low metabolism as it grows old, the rate at which these physiological changes occur are dependent on factors such as individual gene and the environments, making people experience different rates within an individual and between people, read more on this site . The rate at which these physiological changes happen can be derailed through modified physical exercises, however, the exercises need to be safe and tailored according to individual age and all risks involved should be laid down, it is important to seek recommendation from exercise professionals such as exercise physiologists for the right workouts, especially when dealing with the senior population. The process of aging is categorized into three typical phases namely, entering old age, this phase includes people who have retired from their careers or child-rearing sometimes they can be as young as 50 years, the second phase is the transitional phase, it is an intermediary of entering old age and frail age, this phase is characterized by people who are in their 70s, the last phase is frail old individuals, this group is highly susceptible due health problems associated with the aging and they may require assistance even with the most basic tasks more about this here. Most of the tasks senior people need assistance with such as bathing and dressing can be improved to make the complete them successfully by designing customized exercises, this may not be easy if you are untrained and have no exercise science fundamentals, to help you, we have outlined a simple guideline you can use so continue reading this article.
Elderly population will demonstrate inefficiency in completing activities of daily living (ADL) such as dressing, getting around or bathing and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) such as shopping, cooking, and other house chores, the body physiological changes are responsible for this ineffectiveness of this group, most of the senior people have chronic conditions such as arthritis, hypertension, poor coordination, diabetes among other conditions that are associated with aging. Designing physical activities tailored toward improving ADL and IADL should be prioritized for this group to improve their experience of life and make them self dependent.
Moderate aerobic exercises are among recommended exercises for the senior population, low impacts and moderate aerobic activities such as walking, swimming, and hydrodynamic exercises, it is important to keep monitoring the heart rate, blood pressure and their rating of perceived exertion during the physical activities to ensure safety at all time, also a good thing to do is to record exercise data which you need to manipulate to design and prescribe a progressive exercise program that is safe and reliable. Those are some of the recommended exercises for seniors but also important are flexibility and coordination exercise.